I work in the Human Brain Research Laboratory at the University of Iowa with a team of neurosurgeons and neuroscientists, studying neurosurgical epilepsy patients who undergo electrode implantation for clinical diagnostic purposes. This provides a unique opportunity for direct electrophysiological recordings from the human brain. My work focuses on studying the functional organization of human auditory cortex through systematic investigation of its basic response properties. This knowledge serves as a foundation for understanding higher auditory functions, i.e. how the brain “makes sense of sound” to build a coherent percept of the environment. I also study how attention, task and level of awareness affect sound processing in the human brain. This line of work seeks to bridge my basic research with interventions for patient benefit. Selected publications: Nourski KV, Steinschneider M, Rhone AE, Kawasaki H, Howard MA 3rd, Banks MI. Auditory Predictive Coding across Awareness States under Anesthesia: An Intracranial Electrophysiology Study. J Neurosci. 2018;38(39):8441–8452. doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0967-18.2018 Nourski KV, Steinschneider M, Rhone AE, Kawasaki H, Howard MA 3rd, Banks MI. Processing of auditory novelty across the cortical hierarchy: An intracranial electrophysiology study. Neuroimage. 2018;183:412–424. doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2018.08.027 Nourski KV. Auditory processing in the human cortex: An intracranial electrophysiology perspective. Laryngoscope Investig Otolaryngol. 2017;2(4):147–156. doi:10.1002/lio2.73 Nourski KV, Banks MI, Steinschneider M, et al. Electrocorticographic delineation of human auditory cortical fields based on effects of propofol anesthesia. Neuroimage. 2017;152:78–93. doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2017.02.061 Nourski KV, Steinschneider M, McMurray B, et al. Functional organization of human auditory cortex: investigation of response latencies through direct recordings. Neuroimage. 2014;101:598–609. doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2014.07.004 Nourski KV, Steinschneider M, Oya H, Kawasaki H, Jones RD, Howard MA. Spectral organization of the human lateral superior temporal gyrus revealed by intracranial recordings. Cereb Cortex. 2014;24(2):340–352. doi:10.1093/cercor/bhs314 Complete list of publications: