This course is an introduction into formal concept analysis (FCA), a mathematical theory oriented at applications in knowledge representation, knowledge acquisition, data analysis and visualization. It provides tools for understanding the data by representing it as a hierarchy of concepts or, more exactly, a concept lattice. FCA can help in processing a wide class of data types providing a framework in which various data analysis and knowledge acquisition techniques can be formulated. In this course, we focus on some of these techniques, as well as cover the theoretical foundations and algorithmic issues of FCA.
Upon completion of the course, the students will be able to use the mathematical techniques and computational tools of formal concept analysis in their own research projects involving data processing. Among other things, the students will learn about FCA-based approaches to clustering and dependency mining.
The course is self-contained, although basic knowledge of elementary set theory, propositional logic, and probability theory would help.
End-of-the-week quizzes include easy questions aimed at checking basic understanding of the topic, as well as more advanced problems that may require some effort to be solved.

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Interactive algorithms for learning implications

What if we don't have a direct access to a formal context, but still want to compute its concept lattice and its implicational theory? This can be done if there is a domain expert (or an oracle) willing to answer our queries about the domain. We'll study an approach known as learning with queries that addresses this setting. We'll get to know a few standard types of queries, and we'll see how an implication set can be learnt in time polynomial of its size with so called membership and equivalence queries. We'll then introduce attribute exploration, a method from formal concept analysis, which may require exponential time, but which uses different queries, more suitable for building implicational theories and representative samples of subject domains.