Welcome to the Advanced Linear Models for Data Science Class 1: Least Squares. This class is an introduction to least squares from a linear algebraic and mathematical perspective. Before beginning the class make sure that you have the following:
- A basic understanding of linear algebra and multivariate calculus.
- A basic understanding of statistics and regression models.
- At least a little familiarity with proof based mathematics.
- Basic knowledge of the R programming language.
After taking this course, students will have a firm foundation in a linear algebraic treatment of regression modeling. This will greatly augment applied data scientists' general understanding of regression models.

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General least squares

We now move on to general least squares where an arbitrary full rank design matrix is fit to a vector outcome.