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二元羧酸和甲酸的特殊反应

本模块将重点介绍羧酸及其衍生物的结构、分类和命名,羧酸的酸性及其影响因素,羧酸衍生物的亲核取代反应及其机制等知识。请你带着这些问题学习本模块内容:羧基中存在什么类型电子效应;羧酸的酸性强弱取决于哪些因素,有何规律;不同二元酸受热时所发生的反应有何差异;羧酸衍生物的水解、醇解和氨解属于什么反应类型?它们的活性次序如何;什么是Claisen酯缩合反应?什么类型的酯才能进行该反应。

Universidad Xi'an Jiaotong
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