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This course will discuss the emergence of the modern Middle East from the fall of the Ottoman Empire, at the end of the First World War to the present. It will discuss the Ottoman legacy in the region and the Western imperial impact on the creation of the Arab state system. The course will discuss the rise and retreat of Arab nationalism, the problems of internal cohesion of the Arab states, issues of religion and state, and the evolution of Islamist politics. It will also focus on the evolution of the Arab-Israeli conflict and its impact on the region and will conclude with an in depth analysis of the “Arab Spring” by placing these contemporary revolutionary events in their historical context.
Globe

Curso 100 % en línea

Comienza de inmediato y aprende a tu propio ritmo.
Clock

Aprox. 9 horas para completar

Sugerido: 2-3 hours/week
Comment Dots

English

Subtítulos: English, Arabic, German, Hebrew, Spanish
Globe

Curso 100 % en línea

Comienza de inmediato y aprende a tu propio ritmo.
Clock

Aprox. 9 horas para completar

Sugerido: 2-3 hours/week
Comment Dots

English

Subtítulos: English, Arabic, German, Hebrew, Spanish

Syllabus - What you will learn from this course

1

Section
Clock
2 hours to complete

Intro

In our first lesson, we will locate the Middle East in time and space. We will get to know the 19th-century Middle East, the structure of its society and economy as well as the dynamics of its politics. We will then look into the dramatic change that took place in the last quarter of the 18th century, that is the widening gap between Europe and the Middle East as we will dwell on the impact this change had on the future of the region. We will conclude our first lesson with a discussion on the "Eastern Question," which refers to the fate of the Ottoman Empire and the balance of power in Europe....
Reading
9 videos (Total 65 min), 2 readings
Video9 videos
1.1.1 What and Where is the Middle East? (part 1)7m
1.1.2 What and Where is the Middle East? (part 2)8m
1.2 What is the Modern Era?9m
1.3.1 The Middle East in the 19th Century: The Structure of Society9m
1.3.2 The Middle East in the 19th Century: The Economy6m
1.3.3 The Middle East in the 19th Century: The Politics3m
1.4 The Changing Balance of Power with Europe8m
1.5 The "Eastern Question"10m
Reading2 readings
About us10m
Week 110m

2

Section
Clock
2 hours to complete

Modernity, Tradition and the Age of Reform

Our second lesson is a discussion on the forces of modernity and tradition in the Middle East. The filtering of European ideas into the Middle East engendered a process of reform in the region throughout much of the 19th century. We will analyse two centres of reform in this respect, namely the Ottoman Empire and Egypt. This analysis will take us next to the Islamic responses to the crisis of modernity as a result of the inherent tension between faith and secularism. We will see how various Islamic thinkers tried to find a compromise between these obvious tensions and at times went in more fundamentalist directions....
Reading
11 videos (Total 83 min), 1 reading, 1 quiz
Video11 videos
2.1 The Ottoman Empire2m
2.1.1.1 Traditional World View and Opposition to Reform (part 1)6m
2.1.1.2 Traditional World View and Opposition to Reform (part 2)7m
2.1.2.1 The Tanzimat (part 1)11m
2.1.2.2 The Tanzimat (part 2)10m
2.2.1 Muhammad Ali in Egypt (part 1)10m
2.2.2 Muhammad Ali in Egypt (part 2)4m
2.3.1 Islamic Reform or Modernism (part 1)7m
2.3.2 Islamic Reform or Modernism (part 2)10m
2.3.3 Islamic Reform or Modernism (part 3)7m
Reading1 readings
Week 210m
Quiz1 practice exercises
Quiz 120m

3

Section
Clock
1 hour to complete

The Rise of Nationalism; The Demise of Empire

In lesson three, we will witness the rise of nationalism in the Middle East, as it became a much more acceptable idea in the late 19th and early 20th century among an intellectual, elitist, urban minority, who were the graduates of western-style schools (remember lesson two and the process of reform!). We will concentrate on the emergence and development of three nationalist movements; Turkish, Egyptian and Arab. Lastly, we will speak about the First World War and how it brought the end of the Ottoman Empire as well as the end of 400 years of Ottoman Turkish rule in the Arab countries. We will also see how the Middle East began to take its current shape following the First World War....
Reading
9 videos (Total 76 min), 1 reading
Video9 videos
3.1 Turkish Nationalism11m
3.2 Arab Nationalism10m
3.3.1 Egyptian Nationalism (part 1)8m
3.3.2 Egyptian Nationalism (part 2)11m
3.4.1 World War One and the Demise of Empire (part 1)7m
3.4.2 World War One and the Demise of Empire (part 2)7m
3.4.3 World War One and the Demise of Empire (part 3)7m
3.4.4 World War One and the Demise of Empire (part 4)9m
Reading1 readings
Week 310m

4

Section
Clock
2 hours to complete

The Creation of the Middle East State System

In our fourth lesson, we will be speaking about the creation of the Middle East state system in accordance with British and French designs after the First World War. First, we will discuss Egypt and how its distinct historical development gave way to a unique liberal experiment in Egypt during the 1920s and 1930s and consequently to a steady shift toward Islam and Arab nationalism. Second, we will discuss the area of the Fertile Crescent in comparison to Egypt and the creation of British (Palestine, Trans-Jordan, Iraq) and French mandates (Syria, Greater Lebanon) in this region. Our attention will then shift to the non-Arab states. We will learn about the creation of the Republic of Turkey on the ruins of the Ottoman Empire and the sweeping process of modernising reform under Mustafa Kemal. Lastly, we will take a look at Iran, which was, like Turkey, not a new state created by the Great Powers but a country with a long history and cultural tradition. Our discussion on Iran will include an overview of its history from early 16th century onwards as well as the basic principles of the Shi'a which shaped greatly the political culture in Iran....
Reading
15 videos (Total 85 min), 1 reading, 1 quiz
Video15 videos
4.1 Egypt12m
4.2 The Fertile Crescent1m
4.3.1 The French Mandates: The Establishment of Greater Lebanon6m
4.3.2 The French Mandates: The Establishment of Syria6m
4.4 The British Mandates0m
4.4.1 The British Mandates: The Palestine Question2m
4.4.2 The British Mandates: Trans-Jordan7m
4.4.3.1 The British Mandates: The Kingdom of Iraq - Part 15m
4.4.3.2 The British Mandates: The Kingdom of Iraq - Part 27m
4.5 The Saudis and the Hashemites in the Arabian Peninsula4m
4.6.1.1 The Non-Arab States: The Republic of Turkey (part 1)3m
4.6.1.2 The Non-Arab States: The Republic of Turkey (part 2)7m
4.6.2.1 The Non-Arab States: Iran (part 1)7m
4.6.2.2 The Non-Arab States: Iran (part 2)7m
Reading1 readings
Week 410m
Quiz1 practice exercises
Final Exam50m
4.7
Direction Signs

50%

started a new career after completing these courses
Briefcase

83%

got a tangible career benefit from this course
Money

33%

got a pay increase or promotion

Top Reviews

By MPSep 11th 2016

I really like the professor and his narration, quite engaging and interesting course. The only suggestion I have is to improve the quizzes with more analytical rather than fact-based questions.

By RVJun 27th 2016

Lot of information and hundred of years of history in four weeks it is a great challenge. Only if participants interact more in the forum.\n\nProfessor is excellent lecturer away from bias

Instructor

Avatar

Professor Asher Susser

Senior Research Fellow

About Tel Aviv University

Tel Aviv University (TAU) is Israel's largest institution of higher learning – with over 30,000 students and more than 125 schools and departments in nine faculties. Global in outlook and impact, it is consistently ranked among the world's top 100 universities, as well as the top 20 institutions in terms of scientific citations. A spirit of openness and innovation is evident in all of TAU's teaching and research activities, breaking down barriers between disciplines, and boldly striving to address the twenty-first century's most pressing challenges....

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