Acerca de este Curso
What is philosophy? How does it differ from science, religion, and other modes of human discourse? This course traces the origins of philosophy in the Western tradition in the thinkers of Ancient Greece. We begin with the Presocratic natural philosophers who were active in Ionia in the 6th century BCE and are also credited with being the first scientists. Thales, Anaximander, and Anaximines made bold proposals about the ultimate constituents of reality, while Heraclitus insisted that there is an underlying order to the changing world. Parmenides of Elea formulated a powerful objection to all these proposals, while later Greek theorists (such as Anaxagoras and the atomist Democritus) attempted to answer that objection. In fifth-century Athens, Socrates insisted on the importance of the fundamental ethical question—“How shall I live?”—and his pupil, Plato, and Plato’s pupil, Aristotle, developed elaborate philosophical systems to explain the nature of reality, knowledge, and human happiness. After the death of Aristotle, in the Hellenistic period, Epicureans and Stoics developed and transformed that earlier tradition. We will study the major doctrines of all these thinkers. Part I will cover Plato and his predecessors. Part II will cover Aristotle and his successors.
Globe

Curso 100 % en línea

Comienza de inmediato y aprende a tu propio ritmo.
Clock

Aprox. 14 horas para completar

Sugerido: 4 hours/week
Comment Dots

English

Subtítulos: English, Spanish
Globe

Curso 100 % en línea

Comienza de inmediato y aprende a tu propio ritmo.
Clock

Aprox. 14 horas para completar

Sugerido: 4 hours/week
Comment Dots

English

Subtítulos: English, Spanish

Syllabus - What you will learn from this course

1

Section
Clock
2 hours to complete

The Milesians & Heraclitus

Thales, Anaximander, Anaximenes and Xenophanes seek the material principle of the cosmos, and arrive at a radical new conception of the gods. Heraclitus distills the essence of their “naturalism” in his riddling slogans....
Reading
8 videos (Total 53 min), 2 readings, 2 quizzes
Video8 videos
How We Study the Pre-Socratics4m
Fragments and Sources4m
Philosophers or scientists?7m
The Material Principle5m
God in Nature?5m
Heraclitus on the LOGOS10m
Heraclitus on Change5m
Reading2 readings
Milesians Readings10m
Heraclitus Readings10m
Quiz2 practice exercises
Milesians16m
Heraclitus10m

2

Section
Clock
2 hours to complete

Parmenides to Plato

Parmenides poses a fundamental philosophical challenge to all naturalistic inquiry when he denies the intelligibility of change. Later naturalists (Empedocles, Anaxagoras, and Democritus) respond to his challenge. Plato’s portrait of Socrates raises questions about the nature of philosophy, its role in public life, and the relation between morality and religion....
Reading
8 videos (Total 61 min), 3 readings, 2 quizzes
Video8 videos
Parmenides Against Change7m
Responses to Parmenides7m
Naturalism after Parmenides9m
Plato and Socrates6m
Socrates in the Apology6m
Piety in the Euthyphro7m
Morality and Religion5m
Reading3 readings
Parmenides10m
Plato's Apology10m
Plato's Euthyphro10m
Quiz2 practice exercises
Parmenides and His Legacy10m
Plato’s Apology and Euthyphro10m

3

Section
Clock
2 hours to complete

Plato on Virtue, Teaching, & Justice

What is virtue, and how can it be taught? What is teaching anyway, and how could we ever acquire knowledge? Socrates gives a geometry lesson purporting to show that learning is recollection. Why should we act justly? What’s in it for us? An elaborate analogy between a city and a human soul seeks to convince us that crime never pays, even if the criminal can escape detection....
Reading
10 videos (Total 74 min), 4 readings, 2 quizzes
Video10 videos
Teachers of Virtue?6m
Theory of Recollection8m
Was Socrates Teaching?7m
Meno's Paradox7m
Knowledge vs. True Belief8m
Is Justice a Virtue?10m
The Just City5m
The Just Soul9m
Rational Injustice?6m
Reading4 readings
Plato's Meno10m
Republic Book 110m
Republic Book 210m
Republic Book 410m
Quiz2 practice exercises
Plato's Meno10m
Plato's Republic10m

4

Section
Clock
4 hours to complete

Plato on Reality & Goodness

The ultimate realities are intelligible Forms, while the world of our experience is only an image of that reality. Goodness is a fundamental feature of the world. Plato’s cosmology: the creation of the universe (complete with a world soul) and the principles of mathematical perfection that structure it at every level....
Reading
6 videos (Total 58 min), 4 readings, 3 quizzes
Video6 videos
The Real and the Good8m
The Creation of the World6m
The World Soul12m
Plato's Mathematical Physics13m
Conclusion to Part 16m
Reading4 readings
Republic Book 510m
Republic Books 6-710m
Plato's Timaeus10m
Credits10m
Quiz2 practice exercises
Republic Books 5-710m
Plato's Timaeus14m
4.7

Top Reviews

By LLMar 9th 2016

Good intro to early Greek philosophy. Dr Meyer has a simple and subtly humorous approach to the material. Dr Meyer makes the subject approachable so that the student wants to do further reading.

By AHMar 17th 2016

Highly recommended. This course was a great guide to understand to pre socratic philosophers. Professor Susan Sauvé Meyer is very clear in her explanations. Thanks a lot. I enjoy the course.

Instructor

About University of Pennsylvania

The University of Pennsylvania (commonly referred to as Penn) is a private university, located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. A member of the Ivy League, Penn is the fourth-oldest institution of higher education in the United States, and considers itself to be the first university in the United States with both undergraduate and graduate studies. ...

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